France and the V4 in a multi-speed Europe: rough times ahead?

Náš Martin Michelot se ve svém nejnovějším policy paperu věnuje vztahům Francie a zemí V4 z perspektivy strategie E. Macrona, možného vícerychlostního scénáře a francouzsko-německé politické iniciativě; v závěru pak představuje možnosti a příležitosti spolupráce v dlouhodobém časovém měřítku.

  • “Europe is weakened by bureaucratic proliferation” and the “growing scepticism” about its action is “not unjustified”, said a European leader in 2017. “I am offering you to take a step back and to move away from the tyranny of agenda-setting and the meanderings of technical decision-making”, the leader continued. “At some point, we will need to change the treaties because the EU is far from complete: the question is not whether these changes are necessary, but when and how” they will be enacted.
  • Readers would be excused to think these statements come straight from the mind of a Central European leader, when in fact they have been made by Emmanuel Macron, the new French President.

As quick as reforms may be, the visible effects of these reforms on economic indicators will be clear further down the road. This means that the development of this multi-speed Europe, premised around a deep Eurozone reform, should be seen as a political ambition for the future rather than a short-term political reality.

France was, contrary to Germany, reluctant regarding quick enlargement of the EU towards the East and fearful of the consequences for its own interests, with Berlin also viewing enlargement as a way to create new political alliances that would lessen political dependence on Paris and create new format of coalitions in EU decision making processes.

The heart of Macron’s protectionist platform consists in a renegotiation of the posted workers directive (bringing the maximum posting time to a year instead of two, closing loopholes such as “mailbox” companies), the coordination of minimum wages and unemployment insurance across the Union, harmonized tax rules and prohibitions on extreme social dumping via his proposed “Buy European Act”, which would ensure that public tenders are awarded only to companies that produce at least half their goods within EU territory.

Slovakia and the Czech Republic have, to a certain extent, been harmed by the association with their two regional partners, and even if they have remained outside of Macron’s crosshairs, there is certain unease in Bratislava and Prague about what being lumped into a unitary group with Budapest and Warsaw can clearly contribute.

When France and Germany push forward for the development of a stronger EU defense union and already for two-speed EU on certain defense initiatives, via the Permanent Structured Cooperation mechanism, there is an interest for V4 countries to participate, if not to “constructively abstain” from the creation of such mechanisms.

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#Emmanuel Macron #Francie #V4 #spolupráce #Angela Merkel #Visegrad

Martin Michelot
Výzkumný spolupracovník

Expertiza: NATO and transatlantické vztahy, evropská obranná a bezpečnostní politika, francouzská politika, volební procesy a sociální otázky, skupina Visegrád a CEE, institucionálné otázky EU

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